Thursday, June 11, 2009

B States

Area: 52 km²; Pop. 11,000
Territorial Development & Dynastic History
1190: Babenhausen Castle built

1237: 1st mention of Babenhausen
1100s: Babenhausen and Schonegg part of Lordship of Kellmunz
1200-1300s: To Lords of Schonegg
1236: 1st mention of Babenhausen Castle

1237: 1st mention of Babenhausen
1295: Babenhausen received municipal rights to hold markers, coin money and jurisdiction over assaults.
1378: To Lords of Rechberg
1458: By the marriage of Philip the Elder of Hanau to the 15-year old Anna of Lichtenberg, Babenhausen became a Hanau-Lichtenberg possession. Philip left the life of a religious, at a late age, to marry Anna and ensure continuity of the line of Counts of Hanau. After Anna's death, her properties fell to her widower who came to be known as Philip I of Hanau-Lichtenberg

1539: Anton Fugger bought Lordship of Babenhausen for 68,000 guilders
1803: Lordships of Babenhausen, Boos and Kettershausen erected into Principality of Babenhausen for Fugger family
1806: To Bavaria

Rulers of Babenhausen

Johann IV

Johann Franz

Siegmund Joseph

Johann Rudolf

Ruprecht Anton
1693-aft. 1717

Franz Karl
? -1757

To Boos, 1757-1759

Anselm Joseph

Anselm Maria
Imperial Prince, 1803

"...Count Anselm Maria, prince of Babenhausen, was raised by the emperor Francis II, August 1, 1803, to the rank of prince of the empire (hereditary in his male heirs), and the imperial lordships of Babenhausen, Boos, and Rettershausen were erected into the principality of Babenhausen.  He died on November 22, 1821...."  (The Popular Encyclopedia, Vol. 3, p. 333)

Principality mediatized, 1806

Anton Anselm

Leopold Karl Franz Seraph
Prince Fugger von Babenhausen, 1836-1885

Karl Ludwig Maria Joseph Anselm

Karl Georg Ferdinand Jakob
5th Prince Fugger von Babenhausen, 1906-1925

Georg Constantin Heinrich Carl Friedrich

Friedrich Carl Georg Maria
7th Prince Fugger von Babenhausen, 1934-1979

8th Prince of Babenhausen

Carl-Anton Maria


Princely House of Fugger von Babenhausen
Princes Fugger von Babenhausen
Principality of Babenhausen in Wikipedia
Regnal Chronologies


In the middle of the 10th century, the territory of Bar (Barrois) formed a dependency of the Holy Roman Empire. In the 11th century its lords were only counts by title; they belonged to the house of Mousson (which also possessed the countships of Montbéliard and Ferrette ), and usually fought in the French ranks, while their neighbors, the dukes of Lorraine, adhered to the German side. 

Theobald I of Bar, was an ally of Philip Augustus, as was also his son Henry II, who distinguished himself at the battle of Bouvines in 1214. But sometimes the counts of Bar bore arms against France. In 1301 Henry III , having made an alliance with Edward I of England, whose daughter he had married, was vanquished by Philip the Fair, who forced him to do homage for a part of Barrois, situated west of the Meuse River, which was called Barrois mouvant.
In 1354 Robert of Bar , who married a princess of France, was made marquis of Pont-à-Mousson by the Emperor Charles IV and took the title of Duke of Bar. 

His successor, Edward III of Bar , was killed at Agincourt in 1415.
In 1419 Louis of Bar , brother of the last-named, cardinal and bishop of Chalons, gave the duchy of Bar to Rene, Duke of Anjou and king of Naples, the grandson of his sister Yolande, who married Isabella, Duchess of Lorraine. Yolande of Anjou , who in 1444 had married Frederick of Lorraine, count of Vaudemont , became heiress of Nicholas of Anjou, duke of Calabria and of Lorraine, in 1473, and of Rene of Anjou, duke of Bar, in 1480; thus Lorraine, with Barrois added to it, once more returned to the family of its ancient dukes.
United with Lorraine to France in 1634, Barrois remained, except for short intervals, part of the royal domain. It was granted in 1738 to Stanislaus Leszczynski, ex-king of Poland, and on his death in 1766 was once more attached to the crown of France.


"The Lordship of Beilstein was an estate of the Holy Roman Empire based around Beilstein in modern Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. The lordship was a member of the Electoral Rhenish Circle and was a member of the Bench of Counts of Westphalia in the Imperial Diet.
"In 1120, a Crafto is mentioned as being the ruler of "Beyhelstein", but it is not until 1268 when the Lords of Braunshorn are mentioned that clear origins of the lordship emerged. In 1363 the family of the lords became extinct and Beilstein passed to the Counts of Winneburg. In 1637 Beilstein passed to the Counts of Metternich. In 1652 the Archbishopric of Trier recognised the immediacy of the lordship. In 1689 during the Nine Years' War, the French invaded the lordship and destroyed the castle and the Jewish settlement which had existed there since the 13th Century. The counts of Metternich did not rebuild the castle. In 1794 the French again occupied the lordship during the wars of the French Revolution, and it was formally ceded to France in 1801. The counts of Metternich were compensated with some of the former territories of the Abbey of Ochsenhausen in 1803.

Territorial and Dynastic History
1145: 1st mention of "Counts of Bilstein"
1301: Line of counts died out; Bilstein sold to Hesse
1303: Annexed to Hesse
Lordship of Beilstein


Titles: Count of Bentheim, Tecklenburg, Steinfurt & Limburg, Lord of Rheda, Wevelinghoven, Hoya, Alpen, Helpenstein, Baron of Lennep, Hereditary Advocate of Köln

Territorial Development & Dynastic History
1182: County

1115: Passed to Count Otto of Salm
1122: Gertrude, only daughter of Count Johann
Marriage of Otto's heiress, Sophia (d.1176), Countess of Rheineck, Salm and Bentheim to Dirk VI, Count of Holland
1146-1182: A fief of Bishopric of Utrecht
1176: Passed to Counts of Holland
1263: Annexed County of Tecklenburg
1277: Partitioned into Bentheim-Tecklenburg and Bentheim-Bentheim
1421/1468: Bentheim became an immediate fief of the Empire
1486: HRE County
1500: Westphalian Circle
1530-1643: To County of Steinfurt
1606/1610: Division into Bentheim-Tecklenburg (with Rheda and Hohenlimburg) and Bentheim-Steinfurt
1752: Bentheim mortgaged to and was seized by Elector of Hanover
1804: Annexed to Steinfurt
1806: Bentheim mediatised to Berg
1810: Annexed to France
1815: To Hanover

Bentheim Lines


Burg Bentheim: HistoryThe Princely House of Bentheim-TecklenburgThe History of the Bentheim-Tecklenburg Family

Titles: HRE Count of Bentinck and Aldenburg, Lord of the free Lordship of Knyphausen, Noble Lord of Varel

Territorial and Dynastic History

1732: HRE Counts
1733/1800 immediate Lords of Knyphausen & Varel
1806-1807 sovereign Lords of Knyphausen & Varel
1814/15 Lords of Knyphausen & Varel under the overlordship of Oldenburg

Principality of Birkenfeld

 = Reign of  Meisenheim  ( belongs to Landgraviate Hesse-Homburg ) 

  = Principality of Lichtenberg ( belongs to Saxe-Coburg-Gotha )  

 = Principality of Birkenfeld    ( belongs to Grand duchy of  Oldenburg )  



Territorial Development & Dynastic History
1267: First mention of Blankenburg
1275-1583: Blankenburg was the seat of a cadet branck of the counts of Schwarzburg
1324: Blankenburg obtained the status of a town.


Territorial Development & Dynastic History
1112: 1st mention of Lord of Blankenheim

End of 1100's: Landvogte of the Abbey of Echternach and vassals of the Counts of Luxemburg
1380: County
1406: Counts of Blankenheim died out; passed by female succession to Lords of Heinsberg
1461: Emperor Friedrich III raised Dietrich III to the status of imperial count; HRE County of Manderscheid and Blankenheim
?: Acquired Lordships of Kronenburg, Junkerath, Dollendorf, Gerolstein, Erp, Neuerburg, Oberkail, Falkenstein, Betttingen, Manderscheid, Osann-Monzel
1468: Blankenheim and Gerolstein acquited by the Counts of Manderscheid
1548-1604: Hermann of Manderscheid-Blankenheim was the founder of the collection of Roman antinquities, a rich library and an extensive collection of relics.
1699: Imperial Estate
1780: Counts of Manderscheid-Blankenheim died out; passed by marriage of the heiress, Augusta of Manderrscheid-Blankenheim to Christian, Count of Sternberg
1803: Annexed to France
1816: To Prussia

Blankenheim Lines

The Counts of Blankenheim

The Counts of Bogen 
Bios of Counts of Bogen

The Barons of Brandis


Territorial Development & Dynastic History

802: 1st mention of Bregenz castle
926: 1st mention of Ulrich VI as "Count of Bregenz"
970: Division of the House of Bregenz (Pfullendorf, Lustenau)
Annexed to Tübingen
1152/1160: Line of Counts of Bregenz died out
1171: Marriage of Hugo II (d.1182), Count Palatine of Tubingen with Elizabeth (d.1216), heiress of Montfort and Bregenz
1180: Annexed to Montfort
1451/1458: Annexed to Austria
1782: Annexed to Bavaria


BregenzThe Ulrichs: the First Counts of Bregenz


Title: HRE Prince of Bretzenheim
Territorial Development & Dynastic History
1769: Counts of Heydeck (in the Palatinate)
1774: HRE Counts of Bretzenheim.
1780: immediate Lords of Bretzenheim.
1789: HRE Princes of Bretzenheim.
1790: Imperial Estate
1803: Annexed to Hesse-Darmstadt but the Prince is granted the County of Lindau am Bodensee
1804: Lindau ceded to Austria

1790-1804: Karl August of Bretzenheim (1768-1828)

About Bretzenheim

German States to 1918 A-E



History of Breuberg

"The Principality Brixen (now Brixen / Bressanone, Italy) was from 1179-1803 an independent state ruled by the Abbots of Brixen Abbey. In 1803 it was incorporated into Austria-Hungary. The arms show the Paschal Lamb, symbol of St. John, the patron saint of the Abbey. The arms are also used by the modern city of Brixen." (Istrianet)


Herren van Bronckhorst

History of Budingen


Territorial Development and Dynastic History
1147: First mention of the Lords of Burgau

?-1162:  Part of Vohburg
1212: Burgau raised to a margraviate
1218: Heinrich of Berg and Ehingen became Margrave of Burgau (Arnold, p. 124)
1301: Margrave Heinrich III died thus his line became extinct; Austrian Habsburgs acquired Burgau
1304: Imperial fief of Burgau invested in the sons of King Albrecht I; Heinrich III of Burgau's widow purchased family's allodial lands.
1300's: Habsburgs mortgaged Burgua or its parts
1418: Wittelsbachs of Bavaria attempted to purchase Burgau but was resisted by imperial cities of Augsburg.
1559: Burgau mortgaged to Bishopric of Augsburg
1609: Emperor Rudolf II gave Burgau to Karl of Austria, Ferdinand II's son by Philippine Welser.

Rulers of Burgau
Konrad von Bibereck
Margrave of Burgau, 1162-1180

Heinrich von Ramsberg
Margrave of Burgau, 1180-1205

Gottfried von Ramsberg
Margrave of Burgau, 1180-1205

Berthold von Ramsberg
Margrave of Burgau, 1180-1205

To Schelkilngen, 1205-1301

Heinrich of Berg and Ehingen
Margrave of Burgau, 1218-?

Heinrich III
Margrave of Burgau

To Austria, 1301-1457
To Bavaria-Landshut, 1457-1470

Jakob von Landau
Margrave of Burgau, 1492-1498

To Augsburg, 1498-1559

To Tyrol, 1559-1592
Ferdinand II of Tyrol

To Habsburg-Tyrol

Andreas of Austria (1558-1600), Margrave of Burgau

Karl of Austria (1560-1618), Margrave of Burgau, 1592-1618
Prince of Burgau
"Since 1557, he (Ferdinand II of Tyrol) was secretly married with Philippine Welser, daughter of a patrician from Augsburg, with whom he had several children. The marriage was only permitted by Emperor Ferdinand I in 1559 under the condition of secrecy. The children were to receive the name 'of Austria' but would only be entitled to inherit if the House of Habsburg would become totally extinct in the male line... The sons born of this marriage received the title Margrave of Burgau, an old Habsburg possession in Further Austria. The younger of the sons, the one who survived father, later received princely rank, becoming Fuerst zu Burgau...."  (Medieval Coinage)

To Austria, 1618-1805
To Bavaria, 1805-Present
History of Burgau
  • "The territory around Burgau was originally part of the stem duchy of Swabia. The death of Conradin and the resulting extinction of the Hohenstaufen line in 1268 led to collapse of the integrity of the duchy and its division into reichsfrei lands, after local nobles resisted Emperor Rudolph of Habsburg's attempts to annex the duchy. The Lords of Burgau are first found in documentary mention in 1147, as Herren von Burguo. Burgau was raised to a margraviate in 1212.
  • "With the death of margrave Henry III in 1301, the margravial line fell extinct and the Empire claimed the fief. Albert I of Germany transferred the feudal rights to his two sons, acquiring the territory for the Habsburgs, with Henry III's widow purchasing the allodial rights. Four different titles were awarded: that of allodial rights, Imperial feudal rights (German: Reichslehen), manorial rights (German: Grundherrschaft) and guardianship (German: Vogtei, usually translated as a bailiwick when used as a title).
  • "The location of the castle produced latent tensions with the Bavarian Wittelsbachs, who coveted the margraviate to round off their territories. Their attempted purchase of the territory in 1418 was resisted by the Imperial Cities of Augsburg and Ulm, with the support of other Swabian Cities. Burgau came to rely on the support of the Imperial Cities, along with the Bishopric of Augsburg and the Fugger lands to stem the Wittelsbach's acquisitive desires, particularly after they won the land west of the Lech.
  • "Throughout the 14th century, the Habsburgs were compelled to mortgage the marquisate or its parts; the last such mortgage being to the Bishopric, ending in 1559. Further Austria fell to Emperor Ferdinand I in 1522, passing to his second son Ferdinand II, Archduke of Austria, on his death.
  • "Ferdinand II's successor, his nephew Emperor Rudolph II, entrusted the margraviate to Charles of Burgau, Ferdinand II's second son by his morganatic wife Philippine Welser, daughter of an Augsburg burgher. Charles was the last holder of the marquisate, from 1609–18; on his death, the land returned to the senior Austrian Habsburg line. When that archducal line expired, with the death of Sigismund Francis, the Viennese court gained responsibility for the marquisate.
  • "In 1805, by the Peace of Pressburg, Napoléon forced a defeated Emperor Francis II to cede Further Austria to French allies on his abdication and the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire, with Burgau passing to the kingdom of Bavaria."  (Burgau in Wikipedia)


Counts of Burghausen and Schala (FMG)
Family Tree: Peilstein, Burghausen & Schala

C States


Counts of Calw
Adalbert I 
mentioned 1046/49
Count in Ufgau
Count in Gerau and Bessungen, 1013
Advocate of Lorsch, 1015

Advocate of Hirsau Abbey, 1075
Count of Calw, 1075-1099 

1075/94 witnessed
Count of Calw

Gottfried I (d.1131)
Count of Calw, 1113-1126
Count Palatine of the Rhine

Adalbert IV
(after 1147)
Count of Lowenstein, 1125
Count of Calw, 1139-1145

(testified 1145/88)
Count of Calw, 1155 
Count of Lowenstein 

Count of Calw, 1156
Count of Löwenstein, 1152-1175

Konrad I
Count of Calw, 1152
Count of Lowenstein, 1174-1188

Gottfried II
Count of Vaihingen, 1189
Count of Calw, 1209

Konrad II

Adalbert VI 
(d. before 1219)

Gottfried III
(d. before 1262)

Konrad II or VI
Count of Calw



Territorial Development & Dynastic History

788: Margraviate

976: Duchy
1286: To Counts of Gorizia-Tyrol
1335: To Habsburg Austria
1512: Austrian Circle

Rulers of Carinthia
c650: Valug

748-750: Boruth

750-753: Kakaz (Cacatius, Gorazd)

753-769: Ceithumar

769-772: ?

772-778: Waldung

784-798: Ingo

788-843: To Carolingian Empire

832-855: Ratbod

861-864: Karloman

876-889: Arnulf of Carinthia

889-976: To Bavaria

?-907: Luitpold

907-937: Arnulf

937-947: Berthold of Bavaria

948-955: Heinrich I of Saxony

955-976: Heinrich II of Saxony

976-978: Heinrich I of Bavaria
the Younger

978-983: Otto I of Carinthia
Otto of Worms

Heinrich I of Bavaria
the Younger

989-995: Heinrich II of Bavaria
the Quarrelsome, the Wrangler

995-1002: Heinrich III of Saxony

995-1004: Otto I of Carinthia
Otto of Worms

1004-1011: Konrad I of Carinthia

1012-1035: Adalbert I of Eppenstein

1036-1039: Konrad II of Carinthia
the Younger

the Black, the Pious




1061-1077: Berthold I of Zahringen

1073-1076: Markward of Eppenstein

1076-1090: Liutold of Eppstein

1090-1122: Heinrich III of Eppenstein

1122-1123: Heinrich IV of Sponheim

1124-1135: Engelbert II of Sponheim

1135-1144: Ulrich I of Sponheim

1144-1161: Heinrich V of Sponheim (d.1161)

1161-1181: Hermann of Sponheim

1181-1202: Ulrich II of Sponheim

1202-1256: Bernhard II of Sponheim

  • "...After his death Carinthia came into the hands of Přemysl Ottokar II of Bohemia, whom Ulrich had made heir instead of his brother Philipp in the "Podiebrad Testament" of Dec. 4, 1268." (aeiou Encyclopedia)






the Merry, the Cheerful

the Lame, the Wise 


the Founder

1365-1395: Albrecht III of Austria
With the Pigtail

1379-1386: Leopold III of Austria

1386-1406: Wilhelm of Austria
the Ambitious, the Courteous

1406-1424: Ernst of Austria
the Iron

1424-1493: Friedrich III of Austria

1493-1519: Maximilian I of Austria



Area: 3,857 sq. mi.

Territorial & Dynastic History
1054: Emperor Heinrich II creates a separate Carniol as a fief of the Duchy of Carinthia
1071-1090: To Aquileia
1237-1251: Imperial administration
1259-1269: To Aquileia
1270-1918: To Habsburgs
1512: Austrian Circle
1803: Imperial Estate in the Bench of Princes
1805-1806: French occupation

Margraves of Carniola
Poppo I

Ulric I

Poppo II

: Ulric II

Engelbert I

Engelbert II

Berthold I

Berthold II


Otto I

Otto II

  • "The hereditary offices in Carniola, and in the Windish Mark (§. 2.) are administered by the following houses; viz. the office of hereditary steward, by the count of Thurn; the offices of supreme hereditary chamberlain and hereditary marshmal, by the house of Auersberg; the office of hereditary master of the horse by the Prince of Lamberg; the office of hereditary cup-bearer by the count of Cobenzel; the office of hereditary sewer by the barons of Eck and Hobenivart; the office of hereditary ranger by the count of Gallenberg; the office of hereditary keeper of the jewels by the count of Katzenstein; the office of hereditary Stabelmeister by the baron of Eck; the office of hereditary carver by the count Sauer of Ankenstein; and the office of hereditary falconer by the count of Lanihieri." (Busching, p. 209)

Carniola in Busching, A New System of Geography, pp. 204-226.


  • "The coat of arms with three golden six-pointed stars belonged to the noble house of Celje, which hailed from Žovnek and was first mentioned in the medieval annals around 1130. In the succeeding centuries, it went on to create an influential realm, establishing control over most of the Slovenian territories by 1436. At that time, the family's court in the city of Celje was the focal point of humanist thought and renaissance on Slovenian soil. The assassination of the last male descendant of the Celje dynasty in 1456 brought to an end the period of native rule in the Slovenian lands. From then on and until the 20th century, Slovenians were ruled from abroad by foreigners, most notably by the Habsburgs."

Counts of Celje

Friedrich I
Count of Celje, 1341

Hermann I


Hermann II

Friedrich II

"Duke of Carinthia, Margrave of Carniola and the Windish March, Princely Count of Celje, Ortenburg, and Sternberg, Ban of Croatia and Slavonia, Lord of the Kingdom of Bosnia, Lord of the Slovenes, Lord of the Marches of Petovia and Savinia." (Source)

Counts of Cilli (castle photo)

Territorial Development and Dynastic History
1000's: County
1368: United with County of Mark
1417: Duchy of Cleve
1521: United with Julich, Berg, Cleves and Mark
1582: HRE Council of Princes
1609: War of Succession
1614 to Brandenburg
?-1672: Occupied by United Provinces
To Prussia
1795: French occupation
1815: To Prussia

Rulers of Cleves
[Tree1] [Tree2]

Counts of Cleves

Rutger (I)
Count of Cleves, 1020-1050
Son of Arnuld II of Flanders and Rozela of Italy

Wazela of Lotharingia
daughter of Count Palatine Ezzo

Rutger (II)
Count of Cleves, 1051-1075
Dietrich (II)

Dietrich (II)
Count of Cleves, 1076-1091
Dietrich III (I)
Arnold (I)

Dietrich III
a.k.a. Dietrich I
Count of Cleve, 1092-1119
Maria of Henneberg
No issue

Arnold I
Count of Cleves, 1119-1147
Married 1128
Ida of Brabant (d.1162)

Dietrich IV
a.k.a. Dietrich II
Count of Cleves, 1150-1172
Married Adelheid of Sulzbach (d.1189)
Margarethe (d.1182), Landgravine of Thuringia
Adelheid (d.1242), Countess of Holland
Dietrich V (III)
Arnold (II)
GErhard (d.1202), Chancellor of Flanders

Arnold II
Count of Cleves, 1189-1200
Adelheid of Heinsberg (1175-1227)
Dietrich I of Cleves-Heinsberg
Mechtild of Heinsberg
Heinrich of Heinsberg

Dietrich V
a.k.a. Dietrich III
Count of Cleves, 1172-1200
Married 1182
Margaretha of Holland (1164-1203)
Dietrich VI

Dietrich VI
(d. 1260)
Count of Cleves, 1208-1260
Married (1)
Mathilda of Dinslaken (d.1224)
Married (2) Hedwig of Meissen (d.1249)

Dietrich VII
Count of Cleves, 1260-1275
Aleidis of Heinsberg (d.1293) 
His marriage to Aleidis of Heinsberg in 1255 brought him extensive possessions such as Hulcrath and Saffenburg.


Dietrich VIII
Count of Cleves, 1275-1305
Married (1) 1281
Margaretha of Geldern
Married (2) 1290
Margaretha of Habsburg-Kiburg (d.1333/38)

Count of Cleve, 1305-1310

Dietrich IX
Count of Cleves, 1310-1347
Married (1) 1308
Margaretha of Geldern
Married (2) 1340
Maria of Julich
Elisabeth (1332-1382)


Adolf III

Adolf I
Duke of Cleves, 1417-1448
Count of Cleves, 1394-1417
"... [D]uring the reign of its distinguished Count Adolph I., —1394-1448—was raised to the dignity of a duchy, by the Emperor Wenceslaus, in 1417. Adolph was alike eminent as warrior, statesman, and savant; he became the founder of several of the rather pedantic societies of those days of declining chivalry; such as the Fools' Fraternity, and the Knights of the Rose-wreath and of the Horse-comb; but the sense of justice of the Duke of Cloves is commemorated by a fine sentence, expressive of his integrity in an era of deceit and corruption.'" - This, however, did not hinder him from being engaged in violent disputes and bloody feuds with the Archbishops of Cologne."  (Koppen, p. 175)

Johann I

Johann II 
the Pious

Johann III 
the Peaceful

Wilhelm the Rich
Duke of Julich & Berg, 1539-1592
Duke of Cleves & Count of Mark, 1539-1592
Duke of Guelders & Count of Zutphen, 1538-1543

Duke of Julich & Berg, 1592-1609
Duke of Cleves, Count of Mark & Ravensberg, 1592-1609
Count of Altena
Bishop of Munster, 1574-1584
Married (1) 1585
Jakoba of Baden (d.1597)
Married (2)
Antoinette of Lorraine (d.1610)



Rulers of Courland

1561-1587: Gotthard

1587-1639: Friedrich

1639-1682: Jakob

1682-1698: Friedrich Kasimir

1698-1711: Friedrich Wilhelm

1711-1730 : Anna of Russia

1730-1737: Ferdinand of Bavaria

1737-1741: Ernst Johann

1759-1763: Karl of Saxony

1763-1769: Ernst Johann

1769-1795: Peter



1100s: The Lord van Bosinchem (Beusichem) built a small castle
1318: Culemborg received city privileges from their lord, Jan van Bosinchem.
1300s: Jan II, who called himself Lord of Culemborg, built a large castle to the east of the town

Rulers of Culemborg

Antoon van Lalaing
Genealogy of Jasper of Culemborg
Short History of Culemborg